EDUCATION

Monthly Archives: MARCH 2018


Shunning the architects of hate
Hitler, Modi and Gandhi: On the same page?
21.03.18 - Rafia Zakaria
Hitler, Modi and Gandhi: On the same page?



THE COVER OF the book is dark blue and the faces featured most prominently on it are those of Nelson Mandela and Narendra Modi. Those are not the only featured faces, however; right next to Modi and in front of Gandhi and next to Aung San Suu Kyi is the angry face of Adolf Hitler. Great Leaders, the book in question, is being published as a children’s volume in India, by the Pegasus imprint of the B. Jain publishing group.

The inclusion of Hitler, who had hundreds of thousands of European Jews murdered during and before the Second World War, is not accidental. Beyond the cover, in the pages of the book, Hitler is described as a man who devoted his life to the betterment of his country and his people. Nor were there apologies from the publisher, who insisted that "we are not talking about whether he was a good or bad leader but simply portraying how powerful he was as a leader”.

The clever justification is not surprising but it is alarming. Even though Indians chose to elect and anoint Narendra Modi, a man who was known for his hatred of India’s large Muslim minority, one would imagine that the burgeoning Indian middle class, with its increasingly higher levels of education, would have been better informed about world history.
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The Indian publisher, after all, is looking to sell books, and in Modi’s India, books about Hitler’s greatness seem to be good business.
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Not only did Hitler have hundreds of thousands of innocent Jews murdered, he chose to do so in the most cruel and inhuman way. Hundreds of thousands of families were lined up before gas chambers, mothers were forced to choose which of their kids would live, and kidnapped Jewish children were subjected to sickeningly evil medical and surgical experiments.

Hitler, the architect of it all, regularly whetted the hatred, promoting religious xenophobia among ordinary Germans, forcing one and all to participate in the marginalisation of a blameless religious community.
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Muslim students are regularly taught how much the Holy Prophet (PBUH) despised discrimination based on race or tribe or skin colour. Yet, when it comes to evaluating certain dictators and authoritarians, such concerns are often disregarded.
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All of this has been duly documented in books and movies and museums around the world. The glib differentiation between a ‘good’ leader and a ‘powerful’ leader cannot explain away the fact that when Hitler is included among ‘great leaders’ meant to ‘inspire’ children, his actions are imagined as commendable, something to be appreciated and emulated. The Simon Wiesenthal Centre, an NGO that encourages the study of the Holocaust and records the testimony of Holocaust survivors, has demanded that the publication of the book be stopped. There has been no response by the Indian publisher.

The Indian publisher, after all, is looking to sell books, and in Modi’s India, books about Hitler’s greatness seem to be good business.

The same was true of Modi’s Gujarat, where children’s textbooks praising the ideology of Nazism and fascism could be found as early as 2004. They too spoke of Hitler’s great efforts in making Germany ‘self-reliant’. And it is not just books praising Hitler but actually books by Hitler that are popular too. A few years ago, The Jerusalem Post reported that bookstores in New Delhi openly featured volumes of Mein Kampf, Hitler’s own book. In conversations, bookstore owners confessed that the book has been a reliable seller for many years, which is why a stock of copies is maintained in the inventory.

Books are not very popular in Pakistan, and so there are fewer examples of an affection for Hitler in children’s books or bookstores. This, however, does not mean that Hitler, with his predilection for slaughtering innocent people, is altogether reviled in Pakistan. An article in the German newspaper Der Spiegel noted with some alarm that some Pakistanis believed themselves to be ‘Aryan’ (based on the fact that there was an Indo-Germanic race), and imagine that Hitler might have considered them fellow Aryans. This thinking is wrong, of course, and there are many instances of Hitler’s disregard for Indic peoples, not to mention the fact that he did not consider them to be ‘real’ Aryans. If they had been around in Germany at the time, they would probably have been marched off to the gas chambers just like the other ethnic minorities.

Apart from this specific example, this subcontinental belief in superiority based on race is sickening and a sign of low moral character.
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Pakistanis cannot control what Indians do; many Indians may go on adoring cultish figures like Hitler and setting them before their children as an example of worthy behaviour deserving commendation and commemoration. But Pakistanis can control themselves, understand that the gross and gruesome evils of those, living or dead, responsible for the deaths of innocent people of any religion is inexcusable.
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For instance, Muslim students are regularly taught how much the Holy Prophet (PBUH) despised discrimination based on race or tribe or skin colour. Yet, when it comes to evaluating certain dictators and authoritarians, such concerns are often disregarded.

Some even posit that the current persecution of the Palestinian people, a great atrocity of our time, is a good reason to excuse Hitler’s pogrom of the past. It’s a bizarre explanation, with an even more peculiar rationalising logic. Does the persecution of minority religious communities in Pakistan justify the killing of Muslims during Partition? Moral calculations cannot be projected back in time, nor can evil from the past be considered good because of the evils of the present.

Pakistanis cannot control what Indians do; many Indians may go on adoring cultish figures like Hitler and setting them before their children as an example of worthy behaviour deserving commendation and commemoration. But Pakistanis can control themselves, understand that the gross and gruesome evils of those, living or dead, responsible for the deaths of innocent people of any religion is inexcusable.
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If Pakistani Muslims want to be true Muslims, they should condemn all dictators and acknowledge that the mass slaughter of any religious minority is wrong, and cannot be justified simply because the killed and persecuted are not Muslim.
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If it is wrong for a nationalist bigot like Modi to instigate hatred against Muslims, so too was the massive slaughter of Jews by Hitler. If fascism is condemnable under Modi, who has destroyed democratic checks in his effort to become the strongman of the moment, so too was it wrong under strongmen in history.

If Pakistani Muslims want to be true Muslims, they should condemn all dictators and acknowledge that the mass slaughter of any religious minority is wrong, and cannot be justified simply because the killed and persecuted are not Muslim.

 
 
Rafia Zakaria is the author of The Upstairs Wife: An Intimate History of Pakistan (Beacon, 2015) and Veil (Bloomsbury, 2017). This article first appeared in Dawn and is being reproduced here with the due permission of the author.
 
 
 

Disclaimer : PunjabToday.in and other platforms of the Punjab Today group strive to include views and opinions from across the entire spectrum, but by no means do we agree with everything we publish. Our efforts and editorial choices consistently underscore our authors' right to the freedom of speech. However, it should be clear to all readers that individual authors are responsible for the information, ideas or opinions in their articles, and very often, these do not reflect the views of PunjabToday.in or other platforms of the group. Punjab Today does not assume any responsibility or liability for the views of authors whose work appears here.

_______________________________________________________________

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SUKHBIR IS RIGHT – On 97th anniversary  Panth Khatre Vich Hai. Where does this threat come from?

THE LOOT THAT RAJASTHAN COMMITTED – An insult bigger than Bollywood’s Padmawati! 

THE FINAL HONESTY CERTIFICATE: ISSUED BY THE TRIBUNE

NO TIME TO READ THIS STORY? – That’s OK - Please do not feel guilty 

BAD, BAD WOMAN! – Punjab’s top playwright slams woman complainant against Langah

MR PRESIDENT, PLEASE TAKE BACK HIS GALLANTRY MEDAL – On Amod Kanth’s badge of shame

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PUNJAB: AN IDEA IN SEARCH OF WORDS: Punjab, more than a poster boy of progress or a renegade from modernity

_______________________________________________________________


Punjab Today believes in serious, engaging, narrative journalism at a time when mainstream media houses seem to have given up on long-form writing and news television has blurred or altogether erased the lines between news and slapstick entertainment. We at Punjab Today believe that readers such as yourself appreciate cerebral journalism, and would like you to hold us against the best international industry standards. Brickbats are welcome even more than bouquets, though an occasional pat on the back is always encouraging. Good journalism can be a lifeline in these uncertain times worldwide. You can support us in myriad ways. To begin with, by spreading word about us and forwarding this reportage. Stay engaged.

— Team PT    







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Comment by: SKChadha

“If Pakistani Muslims want to be true Muslims, they should condemn all dictators and acknowledge that the mass slaughter of any religious minority is wrong, and cannot be justified simply because the killed and persecuted are not Muslim.”

Rafia you can’t make fool others in your own bigotry. Your entire writing is cunning and one sided. While ending your writing with above quote, will you first explain justification for Banu Qurayza massacre at Yathrib (Madina) ?

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POLITICS ON THE CAMPUS
Student Union Elections in Punjab Were Banned 33 Years Ago. It’s Time To Undo The Wrong.
09.03.18 - Dr. Balvinder Singh
Student Union Elections in Punjab Were Banned 33 Years Ago. It’s Time To Undo The Wrong.



Haryana will have student elections this year after 22 years. Why not Punjab?
 
AFTER A GAP of 22 years, Haryana will hold elections to students’ unions in its colleges and universities this year. In Punjab, student body elections on campuses were banned in 1984. It has been 33 plus years. All political parties which are stakeholders in Punjab have been demanding these elections. All of these parties have student wings. Why is then there not a strong movement for student union elections in Punjab?

Why even an announcement by the Haryana government has not spurred a debate on the issue in Punjab?

There are some concomitant issues involved, of course, and these, too, must be raised at this stage itself:

- Should students indulge in politics on campus at all? Parents of many students argue that they send their wards to study, not to do politics.

- Should political parties have anything to do with these student union elections? The experience has been that mainstream partisan politics percolates, or rather penetrates, into university or college campuses.

- Is it possible to shut out big money and muscle power from campus politics? The experience of student elections in the Panjab University, Chandigarh hardly inspires on this account.

- Should the possibility of violence not be considered? At the same time, should even the fact of violence occurring be an argument against conducting student union elections?
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For those worried about the desirability of politics on campus, the key question is whether education is an apolitical venture?  Student politics is a vital cog in democratic machinery.
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India has a big youth population -- 64.4% of Indians fall in the age bracket of 15 and 59 years. Merely 8.3% Indians are above the age of 60 years. (The 0-14 age group accounts for the rest of 27.3% of the population.)

Clearly, India belongs to the young, and they cannot be deprived of an opportunity to decide the future course the country takes. Our politicians have been ruing for decades that our politics needs young blood.

Where is the interface between politics and the younger demographic to facilitate the entry of this young blood into politics? 

There are two clear routes available: Either you push for students’ engagement with politics on the college/university campuses which makes it possible for the youth to interface with larger issues that India is grappling with and creates a resource pool of talent that can feed into political parties, or you leave the youth to jump on to the bandwagon of the local tough or henchman of the local politician and hope he or she will graduate to the higher league to emerge as an MLA or an MP.

After all, there are no colleges or universities where we have degree courses to produce MLAs and MPs; these are the routes through which they all come from.
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Our politicians have been ruing for decades that our politics needs young blood. Where is the interface between politics and the younger demographic to facilitate the entry of this young blood into politics?
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Given the state of our political parties, at least the principal stakeholders to power, there seems to be little enthusiasm to encourage genuine student politics where the youth have actual agency.

Wherever such an exercise happens, the ABVP or the NSUI exhibit the same deep flaws that their parent parties are doomed to live with. 

Speaking truth to power is not the forte of these students’ wings of political parties; since they have never practised it in house, they inspire little confidence of having the ability to do so outside.

Of course, there have been some singularly positive examples of student politics, the foremost being the campuses of JNU, Delhi; Allahabad University; University of Hyderabad; and the Jadavpur University, apart from a handful of others. 
 

The fulminations of the country’s incumbent rulers and the not-so-hidden forces behind them against the robust tradition of political engagement in JNU has scared a number of parents away from the idea of their wards participating in any political activity on campus.
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Given the state of our political parties, at least the principal stakeholders to power, there seems to be little enthusiasm to encourage genuine student politics where the youth have actual agency.
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Add to it the shrinking space for liberal arts/humanities in the universities and you have a recipe for widespread depoliticisation. Having a social sciences school on campus can change the character of not just that university but every single student who spends some of the most impressionable years on that campus.

Campuses that used to churn out graduates who would question and have imagination and a zeal to change the world order are now populated with students who are forever inquiring about placement camps and DJs at annual fests. Bereft even of the basic understanding of this thing called India, they claim to be in love with India. 

A crowd such as this is today part of Narendra Modi’s army, tomorrow it could back someone else from a different shade of political spectrum. This crowd would have little understanding of its own self; so it will never be able to back its own interests.

That was the job of the campus politics — to politicise them. To make them understand that their engagement with politics is the only way for them to secure their own destiny. This is neither on the agenda of the BJP or the Congress.

And Left has been painting itself out of the game for so long, it is a surprise it remains relevant to whatever extent it is. 
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Campuses that used to churn out graduates who would question and have imagination and a zeal to change the world order are now populated with students who are forever inquiring about placement camps and DJs at annual fests.
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No wonder you do not even see an opposition party pointing out the irony that Haryana’s education minister Ram Bilas Sharma, who announced that student union elections will be resumed in his state, was the same man who had banned these 22 years back. More? He was the education minister even at that time when the Haryana Vikas Party-BJP coalition government had banned these elections.

For those worried about the desirability of politics on campus, the key question is whether education is an apolitical venture? 

Student politics is a vital cog in democratic machinery. Any investment in this exercise will have an incalculable return. It is a no brainer to state that politics has a direct impact on education, be it on account of funding, subject matter or whatever.

But why are some campuses more politically-charged than others? In certain campuses where student union elections do take place, the issues are limited to in-house activism.
 
Students’ bodies seek votes on the basis of having held a glittery annual fest and promising to call Jazzy B next time. More often than not, students do not have agency. These are campuses sans any mechanism for an organised political culture. 
 

Compare them with campuses where robust debates about the occupation of Gaza can turn into a night long after-debate conversation in a hostel room.

Student politics makes campuses better, triggers minds, simulates debate, enables opponents to listen to each other. Students study gender or caste, and are more likely to agitate about these things and respond to issues. 

Now, is that a good thing or a bad thing? 

Also, it is time to challenge the prevalent assumption that social science-heavy universities are more political than their science counterparts. The fact is that science students were in the forefront of opposition to Emergency; the medical students of AIIMS were one who wrested the initiative during the 1992 Seelampur riots; and the IIT-Chennai’s Ambedkar-Periyar Study Circle have set new milestones in political engagement of youth. 

Vested interests may bandy about labels like ‘anti-nationalism,’ but the fact is that student spaces will always engage with national discourse. 

As for the parents not wanting their wards to have anything to do with politics, it is because the only face of politics that they get to see is the one about scams, illegal activities, muscle power, money and hooliganism. Only the students on the campus can redefine the very idea of politics for them, make them understand that politics is much more than its electoral aspect that they get to see, and in its ugliest form.

A tradition of robust on-campus politics will deal with issues of about autonomy enjoyed by our institutions of higher learning, and will ask the question why only a few institutions enjoy monopoly of producing political leaders? 
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To expect a tradition of a robust democracy and liberty in the country but to advocate apolitical campuses and universities is a foolish project.
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Politics today has become totalitarian in nature all around the world, varying only in terms of degree. The onus to question it rests on our educated youth. The economic development, our industries, corporates, social welfare schemes, health, education, infrastructure development are all guided by political policies and practices. Politics controls what our singers will sing, which films our filmmakers will make, what you can or cannot say. If politics is so deeply entrenched in our system, how can universities be an exception?

Autonomy and democratisation of our educational institutions are intertwined. To expect a tradition of a robust democracy and liberty in the country but to advocate apolitical campuses and universities is a foolish project.

Politicised, educated, aware youth with an engagement with politics will ask questions too tough for an Amarinder Singh to answer, a Sukhbir Singh Badal to field, even a Narendra Modi to take on.

That is why you do not see a clamour among the political parties for Punjab to have student union elections, now that even Haryana is all set to conduct these.

Thirty-three years have passed.

Down the line, your new politicians will either come through campus politics, if you fight to have these elections today, or they will come via a liquor thekedar, or a sand mafia, or cable mafia, or a brigade sworn to demolish one or the other shrine depending upon what your opponent’s God is called. Choose your kid’s politician today.
 
 
 
 
Dr Balvinder Singh straddles the world of media and literature, teaches at Panjab University & watches students' engagement with politics, as well as their distance from it, from close quarters.  
 
  

 

Disclaimer : PunjabToday.in and other platforms of the Punjab Today group strive to include views and opinions from across the entire spectrum, but by no means do we agree with everything we publish. Our efforts and editorial choices consistently underscore our authors' right to the freedom of speech. However, it should be clear to all readers that individual authors are responsible for the information, ideas or opinions in their articles, and very often, these do not reflect the views of PunjabToday.in or other platforms of the group. Punjab Today does not assume any responsibility or liability for the views of authors whose work appears here.

_______________________________________________________________

Most shared Punjab Today articles: 

AMARINDER GOVT's LOVE FOR FARMERS, AND MY DAD's FOR HIS SCOOTER

SUPER EFFICIENCY ONBOARD CM’S CHOPPER

OF SUNNY KID & HORSE SENSE: The Punjab-Punjab Ties: The Coordinated Silence of Amarinder Singh & Badals

PM MODI VINDICATES PUNJAB TODAY REPORTAGE

NEW DELHI V/S OTTAWA — WILL QUEBEC DEFEAT INDIA?        

A SAFFRON JOURNEY VIA CANADA - Trudeau came to Punjab, pushed Amarinder closer to BJP, then called him a liar

JASPAL ATWAL CONTROVERSY: Mr. Ujjal, will you throw some light on this too?   

TRUDEAU VISIT AND RIGHT-WING MEDIA MACHINE

J&K – RAM MADHAV LEAVES SPACE FOR MEHBOOBA’S POLITICS

SHEKHAR GUPTA'S HALF-BAKED TRUTHS 

OF NIRMAL SINGH'S EYES - Karze Ne Layee Ikk Hor Kisan Di Jaan...

PNB Scam: Who is Nirav Choksi and what he is doing In the name of God?

Congress upset due to Priyanka’s cleavage on calendar 

RENUKA'S LAUGHTER: Thank you for your guffaws. We needed this non-violent weapon.

MR CLEAN to PAKKE DHEETH: How Punjab’s Congress hurt Brand Rahul Gandhi? 

MANJIT SINGH CALCUTTA– THE DISSENTER

PUNJAB FARMERS AND IPL CRICKETERS - Finally, they can stand like equals

Mr. CHIEF MINISTER, PLEASE CALL OFF JANUARY 7 FUNCTION. My teacher is not alive, but you please call it off!

SUKHBIR IS RIGHT – On 97th anniversary  Panth Khatre Vich Hai. Where does this threat come from?

THE LOOT THAT RAJASTHAN COMMITTED – An insult bigger than Bollywood’s Padmawati! 

THE FINAL HONESTY CERTIFICATE: ISSUED BY THE TRIBUNE

NO TIME TO READ THIS STORY? – That’s OK - Please do not feel guilty 

BAD, BAD WOMAN! – Punjab’s top playwright slams woman complainant against Langah

MR PRESIDENT, PLEASE TAKE BACK HIS GALLANTRY MEDAL – On Amod Kanth’s badge of shame

RELAX! ALL 30 WERE DERA PREMIS – Panchkula says something stinking about its conscience

PUNJAB: AN IDEA IN SEARCH OF WORDS: Punjab, more than a poster boy of progress or a renegade from modernity

_______________________________________________________________


Punjab Today believes in serious, engaging, narrative journalism at a time when mainstream media houses seem to have given up on long-form writing and news television has blurred or altogether erased the lines between news and slapstick entertainment. We at Punjab Today believe that readers such as yourself appreciate cerebral journalism, and would like you to hold us against the best international industry standards. Brickbats are welcome even more than bouquets, though an occasional pat on the back is always encouraging. Good journalism can be a lifeline in these uncertain times worldwide. You can support us in myriad ways. To begin with, by spreading word about us and forwarding this reportage. Stay engaged.

— Team PT    






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University College Miranpur celebrates Women’s Day
08.03.18 - TEAM PT
University College Miranpur celebrates Women’s Day



University College Miranpur under the supervision of its in-charge Prof. Mani InderPal Singh, celebrated International Women’s Day on March 8. Department of English of the college organized a special lecture on this occasion. Dr. Rupinder Kaur, Department of English, Punjabi University, Patiala was invited as the key note speaker for the lecture.
 
Prof. Manpreet K. Sodhi formally welcomed the guest. Dr. Rupinder spoke on the topic ‘Women’s Day Celebrations: Reality or Sham’. She traced the historical development of women’s movement and expressed her views on feminism while talking about various feminist writers like Virgina Woolf and relevance of feminism in the present day scenario. She encouraged students by her inspiring words and examples from everyday life in her lecture.
 
Prof. Mani Inderpal Singh also expressed his views on feminism from a sociological perspective. Prof. Akshay Singla conducted the stage and Prof. Geeta Sharma presented the vote of thanks.

On this occasion, Red Ribbon Club of the College organized a Poster Making Competition. Judging panel for the competition comprised of Prof. Manpreet K. Sodhi, Prof. Nishu Garg, Prof. Poonam, Prof. Tejinder Pal Singh.
 
Chahat (B.A-I) secured the first position in the competition whereas Mansi (B.A-I) secured the second position and Mamanjot Kaur (B.A-I) secured the third position. All the winners and participants were facilitated by Dr. Rupinder kaur, Mani Inderpal Singh and Prof. Manpreet K Sodhi. Prof. Gurwinder Kaur, Prof. Gurwinderpal Kaur, Prof. Gurjeet kaur and Prof. Balwinder Singh were also present during the programme.




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"There Was Nothing Around Before The Big Bang", Says Stephen Hawking
06.03.18 - TEAM PT



There was absolutely nothing before the Big Bang, according to British physicist Stephen Hawking, who explained what happened prior to the existence of our universe. The Big Bang theory proposes that a tiny speck of matter and energy began to grow, bringing about the birth of our universe about the universe billions of years ago. However, scientists are intrigued by what was there before the "explosion" when there was supposed to be nothing. 
 
Speaking during a TV talk show "Star Talk”, aired on National Geographic Channel, Hawking propounded his theory on what happened before the universe came into existence. His theory lies upon the assumption that the universe has no boundaries, the Xinhua reported late on Sunday. "The boundary condition of the universe ... is that it has no boundary,” he told TV host Neil deGrasse Tyson.
 
The Big Bang is the rapid expansion of matter from a state of extremely high density and temperature which according to current cosmological theories marked the origin of the universe. The Big Bang theory holds that the universe in retrospective can shrink to the size of an extremely small "subatomic ball" known as the singularity. According to Hawking, the laws of physics and time cease to function inside that tiny particle of heat and energy. The ordinary real time as we know now shrinks infinitely as the universe becomes ever smaller but never reaches a definable starting point.
 
The Big Bang theory holds that the universe in retrospective can shrink to the size of an extremely small "subatomic ball" known as the singularity. According to Hawking, the laws of physics and time cease to function inside that tiny particle of heat and energy. The ordinary real time as we know now shrinks infinitely as the universe becomes ever smaller but never reaches a definable starting point.
 
"One can regard imaginary and real time beginning at the South Pole. There is nothing south of the South Pole, so there was nothing around before the Big Bang,” Hawking said. "There was never a Big Bang that produced something from nothing. It just seemed that way from mankind’s perspective,” Hawking said. He said that a lot of what we believe is derived from a human-centric perspective, which might limit the scope of human knowledge of the world.




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University of California honours Dr Khush with US Davis Medal
05.03.18 - TEAM PT
University of California honours Dr Khush with US Davis Medal



LUDHIANA: University of California (USA) selected Dr Gurdev Singh Khush, known as bringer of rice revolution in the world, for the prestigious 2018 US Davis Medal.
 
This Medal is the highest honour given by the University to those who have made exceptional and sustained contribution in the service of humanity. Chancellor of the University Dr Gary May, while communicating the decision of the University to Dr Khush has written, "You are an ambassador of the institution through scholarship, service and dedication to the values we uphold at Davis. Through inquiry that revolutionised the quality and abundance of rice, you have given of yourself in remarkable ways to ensure the greatly increased nourishment's and health of the humankind.”   

Dr Khush belongs to village Rurki of Jalandhar district and got his school education in the village and graduated from Punjab Agri. University. He got his Ph.D from University of California, Davis.

Dr Khush was awarded world Food Prize in 1996 for ushering rice revolution. Many countries of the world including Japan, USA, England, Israel, Malaysia, China, Iran, India, etc. have given their highest awards to Dr Khush.

Prof Khush has set up Dr G S Khush Foundation at Punjab Agricultural University for Advancement of Agricultural Sciences by enhancing agricultural research and capacity building. The annual function of the foundation would held on 9th March at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.

Dr Montek Singh Ahuluwalia an eminent economist and former Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission, Govt. of India will deliver a special lecture on "Challenges in agriculture: some policy options.”
 
The Foundation will award 52 scholarships, and 14 travel grants to the students. Dr Kuldip Singh Dhir an eminent science writer will also be honoured with Khush Award for Science Communication. The function will start at 10 AM in the Pal Auditorium. Dr. (Mrs) Harwant Khush and Dr Khush will be coming from America to participate in the function.




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